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Download the full score by clicking the icon below:

© Jay Afrisando 2021. This work is licensed with CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.

Attribution: You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. Depending on the scope of the use, it would be nice if you could also tell us about it :)

Noncommercial: You can’t sell our work or any derivative of our work.

NoDerivatives: If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.


Notes: For commercial use and/or community-based activities, and/or the intention to publish your remix, adaptation, and/or build upon the material, please contact me.

You must also comply with the law. Don’t use any form of this work for nefarious purposes like harassment as well as copyright infringement. If you break the law and get in trouble for it, the original contributors of this work are free of all liability.





in collaboration with J-Sun, Yan Pang, & Arif Angga.

a dance film,


NB: Turn on CC on the video if you want to experience the sound through captions. Read the program notes below that also gives access to the piece.

“Tangguh,” both a dance film and a musical piece, is a humble effort that addresses how audiovisual music can benefit aurally diverse audiences and bodily diverse performers. It exhibits a one-hand piano performed by Samantha Martinez-Brockhus and dance choreographed and performed by J-Sun and Yan Pang. “Tangguh” tells no story but “breath” and “pulse.”

This audiovisual work is intended to be more accessible not only for cochlear implant and hearing aid users but also for deaf persons and ‘normal’ hearing listeners.

“Tangguh” employs strategies including a solo instrument that sounds almost monophonic/monaural, varied yet controlled rhythmic structures and loudness, a wide span of note intervals, visuals from the pianist and the dancers that almost correspond to each other with the sound source, and sound captions corresponding to the piano sound which induce aural imagination. Autistic listeners who enjoy detailed analytical listening might find this piece aesthetic as it also includes irregular meters and unusual placement of pitches. These strategies are explored to give aural accessibility while keeping the piece enjoyable and immersive.

This work is also intended to benefit piano players with or without disabilities. Pianists are welcome to play this piece using a left/right hand and/or five/four fingers. The piece may serve difficulties above a beginner level.


Jay Afrisando

music composer

Jay Afrisando

dance choreographers

J-Sun & Yan Pang


Samantha Martinez-Brockhus


J-Sun & Yan Pang

videographers & video editor

Arif Angga

camera assistant

Cahya Haniva

recording engineer

Michael Duffy

mixing & mastering

Jay Afrisando

production assistant

Terry Perdanawati

Special thanks to

Alex Lubet

This project is made possible by the support from School of Music, the University of Minnesota through the Graduate Summer Fellowship 2021.


Piano recorded at School of Music, the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, US on 18 June 2021.

Dance filmed at Barbara Barker Center for Dance, the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, US on 27 June 2021.

Piano recorded using Rode NT-SF1, DPA 4060, LOM Geofón, Lumix G-85, Zoom Q2N, and JVC GY-HM200.

Dance recorded using JVC GY-HM200, GoPro Hero 9, and Lumix G-85.



Watch also the piano-only version and the behind the scene videos below:

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